Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park derives its name from the dramatic Murchison Falls which are part of the park. The world’s most potent and very spectacular falls form at a point where the world’s longest river explodes through a narrow gorge in the Great Rift Valley of East Africa and flows down to continue its path. Its banks throng with plenty of wildlife from mammals to birds and herps.
The vegetation is characterised by Savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Uganda’s Rabongo Forest which is situated in the South-east of the park is home to several primates such as Chimpanzees and other rainforest creatures.
Murchison Falls National Park Wildlife Viewing
Murchison Falls National Park has over 460 birds and not less than seventy-six mammals. Unfortunately, the park suffered a high level of poaching in the 1970s and 1980s, but animal populations have mostly recovered. This is proved by the regular encounters of Lions, Leopards, African bush elephants, African buffalo herds, Giraffes, a variety of Antelopes species, and many more on game drives through the lush Borassus forests and open savannah grassland.
The Nile at Murchison Falls National Park itself hosts one of Africa’s densest Hippopotamus and Crocodile populations, and a dazzling variety of Waterfowl.
Murchison Falls National Park Birding
Murchison Falls National Park vast bird list is a result of its large size and wide range of habitats. It is certain that the birds’ checklist list is incomplete, and many additions are likely with more intensive research.
The park supports twenty species from three non-qualifying biomes: 11 species of Guinea–Congo Forests, six species of the Afro tropical Highlands and 3 of the Somali–Masai biome.
Notable of the many are the Stunning African Fish Eagle, African Skimmer and the elusive and Pre-historic looking Shoebill which can easily be seen at the banks of river Nile on a Launch Cruise to the delta. Other bird species that people see on Uganda Birding Tours include; the Silverbird, Blue-naped Mousebird, Grey-crowned Crane, Buff-bellied Warbler, Goliath Heron, Black-headed Batis, Black-headed Gonolek, Green-winged Ptyilia, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver, Long-toed Plover, Vitelline Masked Weaver, Saddle-billed Stork, Spotted Mourning Thrush, Spotted and Verreaux’s Eagle Owls, Long-tailed, the incredibly striking Pennant-winged Nightjar, Standard-winged Nightjar, White-backed Night Heron, Pel’s Fishing-owl and many others.
Spot Fishing is available between the falls and the Albert delta. Nile Perch and tiger-fish provide an exciting challenge to anglers. Please carry your fishing pieces of equipment.
Nature walks are done at Rabongo Forest, top of the falls and Kaniyo Pabidi. Murchison Falls Conservation Area offers the opportunity to explore the wild on foot.
A trail at Paraa winds through riverine forest, gullies and low hills and is very good for close and quiet observation of wildlife.
Murchison Falls National Park
- Size: 3,840 sq km
- District: Masindi
- Altitude: 1,292 Metres Above Sea Level
- Geographical location: North-western Uganda
Murchison Falls National Park Tour Activities
- Game Drives
- Birding Uganda
- launch cruises on River Nile
- Spot fishing
- Nature walks
- Forest walks
- Chimpanzee tracking