Mount Elgon National Park Kenya – It is an ancient, eroded volcano with a huge caldera and, on its summit, the spectacular flat-topped basalt column known as Koitobos at 4,200 m. Another unique feature of the mountain is the lava tube caves, some over 60 m wide. The mountain soils are red laterite, and rainfall is 1,200 mm/year on the mid-slopes. Mount Elgon is a relevant water catchment for the Nzoia River, which flows into Lake Victoria, and for the Turkwel River, which flows into Lake Turkana.
The vegetation is zoned by altitude, with wet montane forest dominated by Olea capensis and Aningeria adolfi-friedericii grading into Olea–Podocarpus falcatus forest, a zone of mixed Podocarpus and bamboo Arundinaria alpina, and the Hagenia abyssinica zone with giant heath Erica arborea and Erica trimera elgonensis.
Afro-alpine moorlands occupy the highest parts of the mountain, with tussock grasses such as Festucapilgeri, bogs of Carex runssoroensis, giant groundsels and giant lobelias. Open wooded grassland with Erythrina and Combretum covers part of the lower, drier north-eastern slopes.
Mount Elgon National Park was gazette and opened for tourism activities in 1968.
Among the several activities is sport fishing on River Suam. Game Viewing is also very ideal. African Elephant, Waterbuck, African Buffalo, Leopard, Giant Forest Hog, Monkey species among others are easy to find. Mountain treks and nature walks are also primarily practised.
The park boasts an over 240 bird checklist among which include; three species of the eight Kenya Mountains Endemic Bird Area species, five of the thirteen species of the Sudan-Guinea biome species and 19 of the 43 Guinea–Congo Forests biome species. Also 47 of the 70 species of the Afrotropical biome, and a number of the Sudan-Guinea Savannah biome species that occur in Kenya occur here. The park continues to favour one globally threatened species- Sharpe’s longclaw along with some regionally threatened and range-restricted species. The list of other exceptional occurrences includes Gypaetus barbatus, Stephanoaetus coronatus,Francolinus streptophorus, Sarothrura affinis, Bubo capensis, Glaucidiumtephronotum, Indicator conirostris, Phyllastrephus baumanni, Kakamega poliothorax, Sheppardia polioptera, Campephagaquiscalina and Cisticola hunteri and Francolinus jacksoni.
Mount Elgon National Park Kenya – Mount Elgon is located app. Four hundred seventy kilometres from Nairobi, 140 km north-east of Lake Victoria and bisected by the Uganda Kenya border.